Is Jesus the “Prince” of Ezekiel 40-48?

What Time Period Is Ezekiel 40-48?

Here’s an interesting question a friend asked on Ezekiel 40-48:

Knowing you have studied most Bible prophesy, to which time period(s) do you attribute these 9 chapters? Who is the prince mentioned? Note HIS sin sacrifice 45:22 and after. Also “his sons” 46:16 (If you want to do it as a Facebook blog I can read it there. Thanks Bro)

It is well known that Ezekiel 40-48 are prophecies of the Millennium (and beyond). The temple referred to there is therefore called the Millennial Temple, not to be confused with the next temple, the Third Temple. Ezekiel 40-46 describes the Millennial Temple, the priesthood and sacrifices there. To most Christians it’s shocking that sacrifices are coming back until they understand the purpose of the sacrifices.

Who is “The Prince?” at the Millennial Temple?

Also strange is how there are several mentions of “the prince” in these chapters. You would think these verses refer to Jesus at the temple:

Ezekiel 44:3 — It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.

Ezekiel 45:22 — And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin offering.

Ezekiel 46:16 — Thus saith the Lord GOD; If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons, the inheritance thereof shall be his sons’; it shall be their possession by inheritance.

However as noted in the question above, there are clear problems with this. For example, Jesus has no sons and is sinless needing no sacrifice. The New American Commentary agrees:

Equally intriguing is the “prince” who may sit inside the gate to “eat in the presence of the Lord,” probably meaning to eat a communal meal. Not even the prince used the entrance of the gate. When he entered it, he entered by the porch (v. 3).

Because of the messianic associations with the eastern gate, some have identified the “prince” as the Messiah, since 37:25 says, “David my servant will be their prince forever.” In spite of this reference, two important details suggest that the “prince” of 44:3 is not the Messiah. First, the prince is not a priest but has priests who minister for him. The Messiah is portrayed in Old Testament prophecy as the coming Priest-King (Zech 6:13). The offices of priest and king are always kept separate because the Messiah is to be the only one in whom these two offices are combined (2 Chr 26:16-21). Second, the prince is required to offer a sin offering for himself (Ezek 45:22) every day for seven days during feasts (45:23). By contrast, the Messiah was the sinless sacrifice for all people and a perfect High Priest (Heb 9:22-28).

If the prince is not the Messiah, then who is he? Some have identified the prince as David resurrected and serving in the temple during the millennium. More likely the prince is a special representative of the Messiah who will serve as an administrator of the temple, temple area, and sacred district. Such a conclusion is suggested by Levenson, who sees the prince as an apolitical messianic leader or a David-like administrator.

What else you want to know? =)

Update: Someone asked if the fact that “the prince” has to atone for his sins means he’s not a glorified saint but a physical man. I think that’s right. He’s not Jesus, David or any glorified saint. (Plus not only will David be glorified, but he will be king over Israel and Judah, not a prince.)

27 thoughts on “Is Jesus the “Prince” of Ezekiel 40-48?

  1. Interesting take on this topic. Please send me more insights on this issue. I’d like to hear your input.

  2. There is one “prince” mentioned who comes before Messiah.

    The Messiah is Messiah ben David who fulfills the symbolic prophecy of “Joshua” in the books of Haggai and Zechariah. The name “Jesus” is Greek but translated to English is “Joshua”. He is the Son who sits in heaven as a High Priest at the right hand of the Father waiting for restoration. He had to come “first” to remove iniquity. Read Acts 3:26.

    Now second comes messiah ben Joseph (or Ephraim) who fulfills the symbolic prophecy of “Zerubbabel” in the books of Haggai and Zechariah. He is the messenger who prepares the way for THE Messiah and delivers the children of Israel. He is the angel Michael sent by the Lord to be born as a male child in end-time Babylon for the name Zerubbabel means “seed of Babylon” referring to a child conceived and born in Babylon. He must “restore all things” and will be given great authority to accomplish it for he is one of the two olive trees / witnesses.

    Many do not ask how does Michael the prince fulfill what is prophesied of him in Daniel 12. If the Son of God can be manifested in the flesh, then why can’t an angel which is lower be manifested in the flesh if the Lord wills? Read Revelation 22:16.

  3. Jesus obviously doesn’t need to make sacrifices for sin. Glorified saints, Old Testament or New, will not need to make sacrifices for sin. IMHO, the prince, whoever he is, will have a physical body and be from the line of David in fulfillment of God’s promises to David that he will always have a descendant on the throne.

  4. I think John has the closest take on it. Except it’s Cherub/Candlestick/Wild OliveTree/Prophetess/Priestess/Joshua/Michael/Elijah/Female Witness and Cherub/Candlestick/OliveTree/Zerubabbel/Prince David of Ezekiel/Moses /Male Witness…G-d is amazing!

  5. The Prince sounds like the principal character. If Christ will rule the nations with a rod of iron… how is He going to do this? He must be the ruler during the millennial. A physical person of some sort? Will He need to be priest during this time? Who shall declare His generation? Does Christ take on a physical millennial body during this time and complete His “cut off” life span? The fact that the prince offers sacrifices for himself and separates himself from the priesthood, is this to show how this political appointment should be handled in relation to God in all aspects of its authority to teach mankind during this time how it was meant to be? The fact that the man… Christ Jesus, returns… can he then have offspring as a man??

  6. Jesus is so holy that man will insist that will go stag to every event for all eternity?
    so if it is not ok for first Adam to be alone , then why it is ok for second Adam to be alone?
    the great Gift God gave man was EVE , to loved and chosen .. and to think his people out such love for Our son of man .. would deny him the right to a help mate ?

    Did anyone ever think that just maybe the son of David might want maybe one wife ? Maybe that is even one reason he died maybe there was someone in Sheol that he liked maybe he even loved her. that is such a mystery of a man dying for a woman he loved. so you all want to say that Second Adam can’t have a second EVE.. that man chose to die to give you life and to bring all men and where he isand what he is .. the Son of David a man by the way, was too holy to love just one woman? he is a man guys ? maybe he was always capable of sin but chose to not sin for our sakes.. to bring back our glory.
    and God gave man the greatest gift to be chosen and loved by a help mate to have children that cherish him. but man that claims ot Love our redeemer will deny God’s right arm and our redeemer that same love ? that greatest gift he gave man … to have love and a family.. the son of David the older Brother of Solomon is too holy for love? or just that kind of love ? He has to Go stag forever and always, and dance alone with his crowns if he bothers to show up at all.
    I mean his brother Solomon had thousands and his dad had nearly a thousand wives .
    but because King David’s son , raised by God himself to be our savior . His people love him so very much we will make our King sit with his crown on a throne and dance alone for all time.. yep that sounds like a plan. we can call him King Pope Nope You Can’t .

  7. The prince here also offers scarifices for his sins Jesus was the altimate sacrifice this hast to be another king priest that comes in the order of Christ just as Christ came in the order of Melchizedek. Neither Christ’s or Melchizedeks priesthood ends. At the end of an age there is a change in the priesthood and that priest must offer his own sacrifices according to the Bible. Don’t get me wrong Jesus Christ’s priesthood is neverending. But this also explains why they start sacrificing in the mellinial temple. The Male Child or Man Child spoke of in the Bible is not Christ it is the prince in Ezekiel 44-46 and other place talking about the 1,000 year kingdom. When the Bible talks about the woman taken to the wilderness this is the true church not marry like most people think, from among her A Male Child/King Priest will come to rule in the mellinial kingdom, once again Jesus is still over this Male Child, because Christ is at the right hand of the father.

  8. Who is the Prince?
    Ok lets see this logically…
    YESHUA kept the ENTIRE law and was sinless. He kept the Passover with his disciples, as we all know, in the New Testament. The Prince is instructed by God to keep the Passover, and he eats bread made with leaven (Ezekiel 45:21). But Jesus kept the Passover… why would God need to remind him to keep the Torah? On top of that, the prince is instructed not to oppress the people by taking their land (Ezekiel 46:18). Does Jesus have an oppressive nature that God must warn against? I’m sincerely confused about this one. Some might argue that Jesus has spiritual sons, and other deep scholars who have read the Nag Hammadi might argue that He will come back and have children. (Whether the Nag Hammadi is inspired or not is another topic, but I believe every responsible researcher of truth should read ALL texts for themselves before judging. You wouldn’t like a judge in a courtroom who didn’t examine all the evidence before making a decision, would you? Likewise, we as the children of God should be constant truth seekers and we shouldn’t pass judgment on anything without weighing the evidence for ourselves. I wonder if this prince is the same one spoken of in the Nag H. book titled: The Teachings of Silvanus. In there it talks about the exalted one which translates over to NASI in Hebrew, the same word used in Ezekiel for the prince! It mentions that one of the reasons that Jesus died was to humble him. I wonder if we’re just over thinking this and it is simply Yeshua… But it is better to question than to blindly follow the herd, which is why I think highly of anyone here who has left a comment. You guys are all amazing thinkers and I’m glad you all exist in an era full of Christians who never question anything. Some Christians have never even read through their entire Bibles once. You guys are simply amazing…
    Let’s stick to the inspired word of God now. In order to further dissect this matter, I’ll stick to the Bible from now on, because we can all agree that is inspired. I’ll be using the jps tanakh along with the KJV and YLT translations as they are the purest in my opinion. We will be using Reflective Justification to prove that scripture matches with scripture and verse with verse. (Reflective Justification- when one verse justifies, unveils, and clarifies the meaning of another verse in scripture.)
    Micah 5:2 (JPS)
    “But thou, Beth-lehem Ephrathah, Which art little to be among the thousands of Judah, Out of thee shall one come forth unto Me that is to be ruler in Israel; Whose goings forth are from of old, from ancient days.”
    So as we can see, Yeshua is called the Ancient of Days by the text in Micah 5:2. Next let’s examine another verse.
    John 5:22 (KJV)
    “But the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.”
    So as we can see the Father judges no one at all. Yeshua is the one on the judgment seat. Let’s take a look at the physical description of the risen Yeshua in the Bible now.
    Revelation 1:14 (KJV)
    “His head and his hairs were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;”
    Now let’s take a look at the physical description of the Ancient of Days in Daniel.
    Daniel 7:9-10 (JPS)
    “I beheld Till thrones were placed, And one that was ancient of days did sit: His raiment was as white snow, And the hair of his head like pure wool; His throne was fiery flames, and the wheels thereof burning fire. A fiery stream issued And came forth from before him; thousand thousands ministered unto him, And ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; The judgement was set, And the books were open.”
    Doesn’t sound like the great white throne judgement to me since his throne has fiery flames which is orange, not white. And remember that the father judges no one but commits all judgement to the son. Let’s now look at the only clear description of God the Father in the New Testament. (I won’t go into the old testament for the sake of brevity.)
    Revelation 4:3 (KJV)
    “And he that sat was to look upon like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald”
    The sardine stone is red in color and jasper gives off the same quality. Later in revelation it speaks of Jesus taking the scroll from the Father, but remember still that the Father judges no one. The description of the Father doesn’t match the description of the Ancient of Days. But the description of the risen Jesus matches it perfectly!
    Revelation 5:5-6 (KJV)
    “And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.”
    Now lets examine a promise of Jesus in revelation…
    Revelation 3:21 (KJV)
    “To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father on his throne.”
    As we can see the word used here is SINGULAR, not plural… Now lets go back to Daniel.
    Daniel 7:13 (JPS)
    “I saw in the night visions, And, behold, there came with the clouds of heaven One like unto a song of man, And he came even to the ancient of days, And he was brought near before Him. And there was given him dominion, And glory, and a kingdom, That all the peoples, nations, and languages Should serve him; His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away and his Kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.”
    It doesn’t say that this person is worshipped, but that he is given servants and the ability to rule as the promise of Yeshua in Revealtion 3:21 stated! But lets go further to prove this point.
    Ezekiel 46:16-18 (JPS)
    ‘Thus saith the Lord God: If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons, it is his inheritance, it shall belong to his sons; it is their possession by inheritance. But if he give of his inheritance a gift to one of his servants, it shall be his to the year of liberty; then it shall return to the prince; but as for his inheritance, it shall be for his sons. Moreover the prince shall not take of the people’s inheritance, to thrust them wrongfully out of their possession; he shall give inheritance to his sons out of his own possession; that My people be not scattered every man from his possession.’
    As we can see here the prince has servants and it needs to be warned not to do something wrong. That doesn’t apply to Yeshua, he is completely sinless and would never cause someone undue harm, God wouldn’t need to warn him against evil. Yet this prince has servants. Let’s continue further down this rabbit hole….
    1st Corinthians 2:7 (YLT)
    “which no one of the rulers of this age did know, for if they had known, the Lord of glory they would not have crucified.;”
    Why would the devil crucify Christ if it would destroy his works but to further clarify that this isn’t speaking of human rulers lets continue with reflective justification of scripture. The rulers didn’t know that they were helping to save man-kind by killing Christ.
    Ephesians 6:12 (YLT)
    “because we have not the wrestling with blood and flesh, but with the principalities, with the authorities, with the world-rulers of the darkness of this age, with the spiritual things of the evil in the heavenly places;”
    This proves that Jesus caught Satan and the world rulers of darkness in heavenly places off guard. But the prince who was prophesied of in Ezekiel and Daniel was what they were expecting, instead they Crucified Christ because they didn’t understand the scripture. As the scripture says in Corinthians, they wouldn’t have killed Christ if they knew what they were doing. They were tricked because they were expecting the prince, not the King!”
    The Hebrew word for King is Melech but the word for prince isn’t! The Word for Prince is Nagid/Nasi! Let us continue going further down this rabbit hole that leads to the prince.”
    Daniel 8:25 (JPS)
    “And through his cunning he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand’ and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and in time of security shall he destroy many; he shall also stand up against the prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand. And the vision of the evenings and mornings which hath been told is true; but thou, shut thou up the vision; for it belongeth to many days to come.”
    Revelation 17: 4 KJV
    “These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.”
    HMMMMM…. Yeshua is called King of Kings, lets continue to examine this further and he will overcome the armies of the beast… Now lets go back to the old testament….
    Daniel 11:22 JPS
    “And the arms of the flood shall be swept away from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.”
    This verse is speaking about the anti-christ and not Antiochus because the verse next chapter is the final one in daniel and Daniel is told that it concerns the time of the end! The prince fails against an army of oncoming invaders but Yeshua doesn’t. It seems to me that the Prince of the Covenant isn’t the King of the Covenant! They are different! The principalties didn’t know the king was coming, if they had, they wouldn’t have crucified Him. Who could have expected that the I am would go so far as to wrap himself in flesh and dwell among us. Let’s go even further down the rabbit hole towards the prince…
    Revelation 19: 11-16 (NKJV)
    “Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.”
    As we can see this description matches the risen Jesus and the ancient of days in Daniel, the father judges no one as stated in john as well. Let us continue
    “And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. Now out of His mouth goes a sharp two edged sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: King of Kings and Lord of Lords.”
    As we can see He treads the winepress, this will be important to a point about the prince later. Just bare with me a little bit longer….
    Isaiah 63: 1-4
    “Who is this that cometh from Edom, With crimsoned garments from Bozrah? This that is glorious in his apparel, Stately in the greatness of his strength?—‘I that speak in victory, might to save.’—Wherefore is thine apparel red, and They garments like his that treadeth in the winevat?’ I have trodden the winepress alone, And of the peoples there was no man with Me; Yea, I trod them in Mine anger, And trampled them in My fury; And their lifeblood dashed against My garments, And I have stained all My raiment.”
    As we can see the speaker is shocked that someone else has stained clothes like him. The speaker is Jesus who treads the winepress and as we read in the earlier verse his clothes were stained with blood. But who is this other person Yeshua sees coming—the prince. Let’s take a closer look now…
    Jeremiah 30:21 (JPS)
    “And their prince shall be of themselves, And their ruler shall proceed from the midst of them; And I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto Me; For who is he that hath pledged his heart to approach unto Me?” said the LORD.
    Now who is the LORD(I am) lets take a look. Wasn’t Jesus with God at the beginning? Why would he make a pledge?
    John 8:58 KJV
    “Jesus said to them, “I assure you: before Abraham was, I am.”
    He said this in many other places, including when the soldiers came to arrest Him in the garden. If Jesus is the I am and the Father judges no one then who is this prince in Jeremiah who pledged his heart to approach Yeshua? Jesus always had the attention of the Father as we will prove now…
    John 11: 42 KJV
    “And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which standby I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.”
    Yeshua always had the attention of the Father. He is the only one to judge, not the Father. He matches the description of the Ancient of days and is even called so in the JPS which is the most jewish translation of the old testament and the closest one to the original meaning in English. He said that he would give someone coming the throne, the way his father did for him. This person would have servants but wouldn’t be worshipped. The rulers of darkness would not have crucified him if they knew what they were doing. It is evident that the prince is not the king and the king is not the prince. Messiah simply means anointed, David, Saul, Samuel, and others were called Messiah. It appears that Messiah the prince is not Messiah the King! They are different people! It appears that the King of Kings is not the Prince of Princes, and that each are mentioned differently by both God, scripture, and plain logic. There is more evidence I have but I feel that this has gone on long enough. I believe that the man child is the prince because Jesus is in heaven at the time of the writing, Revelation is a book of prophecy and it wouldn’t speak of the past. The prince is on earth and the devil is looking for him, he seems to be the weak link in Bible prophecy. He isn’t The Father, Son, or Holy Spirit yet he is important which makes him an easy target for Satan. There are more verses to prove my point with reflective justification but I believe this to be good enough for now, there is already sufficient evidence to prove that Jesus is not the prince. Even lost books like the Ascension of Isaiah mentions that Jesus has a chosen one, things are about to get interesting, seeing how this is the true Jubilee year as well. Whoever this guy is, he is out there waiting to be revealed, the prince of the millennium.

  9. Interesting .I understand and agree with what you are saying. Thought to ponder in isaiah 59 and 63 where it says there was no intercessor . Isaiah 59 saystherefore my own arm brought salvation unto him Isaiah 63 says I saw there was no intercessor therefore my own arm brought salvation unto me. Now I wonder why the speaker here who I believe is The Lord Jesus Christ virgin born born without sin would have to save himself? During the millennium son of David will be a sinner saved by grace just like the rest of the members of the body of Christ .

  10. There’s something I just don’t get about this: If the time period is millenial, why would an animal sacrifice conducted in relation to this prince and the people of the land?

    Galatians says: “If I rebuild what I tore down, I prove myself to be a transgressor.”
    What business does anyone have attempting to cover sin with the blood of a bull in light of Jesus’ redemption?

    If animal sacrifice is necessary for this man and the people of the land, then who of natural birth could it not be necessary for? And if animal sacrifice is necessary, what then did Jesus’ sacrifice accomplish?

  11. Obviously no one understands this and it is part of the “hidden manna” or something sealed until we are translated to be a “spirit of righteous men made perfect” (Heb 12:23) or do have resurrected bodies in the Millennium

    • Hidden?

      Why are we even told about its existence if it is totally ‘not for us’?

      This is escapist.

      There is nothing hidden or revealed that supercedes the Revelation of Jesus Christ. He is the reference point, and not the prophets.

      There will never be need for reversing the gains on the cross

  12. Jesus does offer sacrifices -/ Hebrews clearly says He offered His own blood and also Hos body as well as ever living to fulfill other priestly duties and it is a resurrected human body that he has so we can’t say He doesn’t have a human body — He does have a human body but’s resurrected like ours will be.

  13. What everyone is missing here is this is the end of a age and a beginning of a New Age. When there is a new age there has always been a change in the priesthood and when there is a change in the priesthood that priest MUST offer sacrifices for himself. There has been 6 ages so far were are at the end of the sixth age. No one wants to consider that the Male Child or Man Child talked about the New Testament is someone other than Jesus this idea fills in so many blanks in questions that people have about end time events.

  14. Really enjoy each one of your comments, I always learn a lot from the comment section. I’ve been a believer for 6 years now and I’m quite low on the learning curve, but diligently reading YAHWEH, YAHUAH or YAHUWAH’ S Word daily. I just finished Ezekiel today for my tenth time of reading the Bible and I don’t think I ever said WOW before, but this time that word came out of my mouth at least 10 times, maybe more.
    I’m not at the pay grade yet to offer my thoughts, just trying to absorb yours. Just thought you might find enjoyment, knowing you have newbies reading your stuff. One of thoughts I had after chapter 48 was, I’m surprised Ezekiel made it into the canonical books and not thrown to side with apocraypha books. I don’t think I’ve heard a Church preach on Ezekiel or maybe I fell asleep and miss it.

  15. Tim, correct me if I’m wrong, but Ezekiel 40 – 48 are AFTER the millennium, not during. That is why those chapters follow the Gog and Magog incursion just as Rev 20 does and it also is after the millennium when G&M (got and magog) happen.

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